Journal cover Journal topic
Geoscientific Model Development An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Interactive Public Peer ReviewTM

Interactive Public Peer Review

  1. 1. Submission
  2. 2. Access review
  3. 3. Technical corrections
  4. 4. MS posted in GMDD forum
  5. 5. Comments
  6. 6. Revision
  7. 7. Revised submission
  8. 8. Peer-review completion
  9. 9. Final revised publication

The process of peer review and publication in the interactive scientific journal Geoscientific Model Development (GMD) differs from traditional scientific journals. It is a two-stage process involving the scientific discussion forum Geoscientific Model Development Discussions (GMDD), and it has been designed to utilize the full potential of the Internet to foster scientific discussion and enable rapid publication of scientific papers.

Initial access peer review assures the basic scientific and technical quality of manuscripts posted in GMDD. Subsequent interactive discussion and public commenting by the referees, authors, and other members of the scientific community is expected to enhance quality control for papers published in GMD beyond the limits of the traditional closed peer review. Also in cases where no additional comments from the scientific community are received, a full peer-review process in the traditional sense, albeit in a more transparent way, is assured before publication of a paper in GMD.

Steps of the GMD process of peer review, publication, and interactive public discussion

  1. Submission of original manuscript and editor assignment

    Original manuscripts are submitted electronically and assigned to the topical editor covering the relevant subject areas (for details see finding an editor).

  2. Access review

    The topical editor is asked to evaluate whether the manuscript is within the scope of the journal and whether it meets a basic scientific quality. They can suggest technical corrections (typing errors, clarification of figures, etc.) before posting in GMDD. Further requests for revision of the scientific contents are not permitted at this stage of the review process but shall be expressed in the interactive discussion.

  3. Technical corrections

    The authors have the opportunity to perform technical corrections, which may be reviewed by the topical editor to verify requested corrections and prevent further revisions, which are not permitted at this stage.

  4. Open discussion (8 weeks)

    After acceptance of the manuscript for public peer review, it appears as discussion paper (preprint) in GMDD and is citable through DOI. The discussion phase represents a unique opportunity to engage in an iterative and developmental reflective process. During this phase interactive comments can be posted by designated referees (anonymous or named) and all interested members of the scientific community (named). All participants are encouraged to stimulate further deliberation rather than simply to defend their position. This enhancement lead process is offered to maximize the impact of the article. Normally, every discussion paper receives at least two referee comments. Authors are invited to take an active role in the debate by posting author comments as a response to referee comments and short comments of the scientific community as soon as possible in order to stimulate further discussion by interested scientists. For more information see interactive public discussion.

  5. Final response

    After the open discussion, the authors are expected to post a response to all comments within 4 weeks, in case they have not done so during the open discussion. The topical editor can also post additional comments or recommendations. Normally, however, formal editorial recommendations and decisions shall be made only after the authors have had an opportunity to respond to all comments, or if they request editorial advice before responding.

  6. Submission of revised manuscript

    Submission of a revised manuscript is expected only if the authors have satisfactorily addressed all comments, and if the revised manuscript meets the high quality standards of GMD (review criteria). In case of doubt, the authors shall consult the topical editor on whether they recommend preparation and submission of a revised manuscript or not. Normally, the revised manuscript should be submitted no later than 4 to 8 weeks after the end of the open discussion. If more time is required for manuscript revision, the authors can request an extension.

  7. Peer-review completion

    In view of the access peer review and interactive public discussion, the topical editor either directly accepts/rejects the revised manuscript for publication in GMD or consults referees in the same way as during the completion of a traditional peer-review process. If necessary, additional revisions may be requested during peer-review completion until a final decision about acceptance/rejection for GMD is reached.

  8. Publication of final revised paper in GMD

    In the case of acceptance, the final revised paper is typeset and proofread. Then it is published on the GMD website with a direct link to the preceding discussion paper and interactive discussion in GMDD. In addition, all referee and topical editor reports, the authors' response, as well as the different manuscript versions of the peer-review completion will be published (only valid for manuscripts submitted from 01 October 2013). All publications (discussion paper, interactive comments, final revised paper) are permanently archived and remain accessible to the open public via the Internet, and final revised papers are also available as print copies.

The timing indicated above is a guideline which may have to be modified according to the availability and response times of editors, referees, and authors.

The submission of comments and replies which continue the discussion of scientific papers beyond the limits of immediate interactive discussion is encouraged. Such peer-reviewed comments undergo the same process of peer review and publication as described above: after appearance and discussion in GMDD, they may also be published in GMD if sufficiently substantial.

If a manuscript that has been posted as a discussion paper in GMDD is not accepted for publication as a final paper in GMD, the authors have several options to proceed as outlined under frequently asked questions, point 6. For further information on the definition and standing of discussion papers, please read the EGU Position Statement on the Status of Discussion Papers Published in EGU Interactive Open Access Journals.

Types of interactive comments 

In the interactive public discussion in GMDD, the following types of interactive comments can be submitted for immediate non-peer-reviewed appearance alongside the discussion paper:

Short comments (SCs) can be posted by any registered member of the scientific community (free online registration). Such comments are attributed, i.e. posted under the name of the commentator.

Referee comments (RCs) can only be posted by the referees involved in the peer review of the discussion paper. They can be anonymous or attributed (according to the referee's preference).

Editor comments (ECs) can only be posted by the topical editor of the discussion paper.

Author comments (ACs) can only be posted by the contact author of the discussion paper on behalf of all co-authors.

All interactive comments are fully citable, paginated, and archived as a supplement to GMDD.

Figures and supplements 

Comments can be composed by using either plain text or LaTeX formatting. Complex content without LaTeX commands can be uploaded as a *.pdf file and will be displayed as a supplement to the comment. In both cases, figures can directly be included in the comment.

The two phases of the interactive public discussion 

Phase 1: open discussion (8 weeks)

The referees are asked to post one or more referee comments, and every registered member of the scientific community may post short comments as defined above. The authors of the discussion paper have the option (but no obligation) to reply by posting their own short comments individually, or by posting author comments collectively on behalf of all co-authors. The authors of a discussion paper are automatically informed via email about the appearance of comments in the interactive public discussion of their paper. Alert services will also be available to other members of the scientific community. The interactive comments are supervised by the topical editors, who have the option of censoring comments that are not of substantial nature or of direct relevance to the issues raised in the discussion paper or which contain personal insults. Authors are advised to follow the discussion of their paper and to notify the topical editor in case of abusive comments. The GMD editorial board reserves the right to exclude abusive commentators.

Phase 2: final response

After the open discussion, no more short comments and referee comments can be accepted. However, the contact author and the topical editor of the discussion paper have the opportunity to post final author comments and editor comments, respectively. The final response phase is generally limited to 4 weeks (can be extended to 8 weeks) and terminated by the authors as soon as they have sufficiently responded to the referee comments. Further author and editor comments can be posted, if appropriate. Before submitting a revised version of their manuscript for publication in GMD, the authors should have answered the referee comments and relevant short comments cumulatively or individually in one or more author comments. The author comments should be structured in a clear and easy-to-follow sequence: (1) comments from referees/public, (2) author's response, and (3) author's changes in manuscript. Regarding author's changes,  a marked-up manuscript version (track changes in Word, latexdiff in LaTeX) converted into a *.pdf must be submitted, uploaded as a supplement to the author comment.

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